Brief descriptions of some well-known gemstones

A gem or gemstone is known as a precious or semi-precious stone that is a part of some attractive mineral and used after cutting and polishing to make jewelry and other ornamentation. There are also some rocks and natural materials that are not minerals but still they are used to make jewelry and other ornamentation, i.e. lapis lazuli or amber and jet. These kinds of materials are also considered gemstones. A large number of gemstones are consisted of hard substances but some of them are soft minerals too. A gemologist has to test a wide range of materials as to confirm it as a gemstone. According to some estimates there are almost 270 varieties that have been identified as gemstones.

Gemstones have been using in jewelry and other ornamentation for centuries. Gemstones always have a great amount of attraction in themselves for the people in almost every part of the world. Below is a list of some well-known gemstones with their brief description:


A kind of chalcedony quartz (a translucent or grayish form of quartz) and it takes a nice shape in concentric layers in a very wide range of colors and look.


It is considered one of the most precious gemstones in the group of quartz. A wide range of colors from deep reddish to pale lilac is found in it.


A kind of quartz that is found in a group of yellow and purple it is somewhat a mixture of the colors of amethyst and citrine.

Almandine Garnet

It is considered the most common garnet and found in purplish red and dark brownish .It has a noteworthy hardness and brilliance in itself.


It was named after the Amazon River in Brazil but it is very astonishing that no deposits of   Amazonite are found there, a kind of green microcline gemstone and a silica mineral as well.


When it is examined from different angles, it gives different colors, a strong pleiochroic gem.


A rare gemstone that is available in jewelry store but once in a blue moon .It has different colors and shapes and it’s always admired by the collectors

Azotic Topaz

While applying a tech process to colorless topaz, Azotic Topaz was developed by a company and we name it “Azotic” after the company who introduced that process.


There is a stunning rang of blue colors is found in it and it is known as a cousin of emerald .It is also colored with hinted amounts of iron.


Andesine-Labradorite is found in different varieties of color like red, yellow, green and champagne.


When it’s about importance, Beryl excels as a gem mineral and it includes emerald, heliodor, morganite and aquamarine.


Citrine is a French word for lemon, this gem is found in a yellow to gold and orange brown colors of transparent quartz.


This graceful gemstone deserves a lot but it is not as well known as it must be. Besides an awesome luster it also has a very good hardness around 8.5 on the Mohs scale.


Diamond is the most famous gemstone in almost every part of the world that needs not any introduction. It is matchless in hardness, high refractive index and dispersion.


One of the most precious stones in beryl group that has an astonishing green color that is quite rare in any other available gem.

Lapis Lazuli

It has been used in jewelry and other ornaments for more than 6500 years. Its deep blue color never allows the observers to heed anything else except its beauty. Its healing power has been confirmed by many spiritual leaders and doctors of medicine.

After getting an excellent polish Lapis can be shaped into jewelry, boxes, vases, carvings, mosaic and many ornaments. They are also used in architecture to clad the walls and columns of churches and palaces. It can be molded in various shapes and cuts and mostly it is used in ring stones, bracelets beads, sculptures and many other ornamental objects.

Its unique blue color always has a great amount of attraction. The fabulous sky-blue turquoise is considered lapis lazuli’s cousin. Lapis lazuli is a soft and sensitive stone that can’t put up with high pressure temperature and household chemicals.

Moss Opal

It’s a milky white non-crystalline silica gemstone with exclusive addition of the green variety of amphibole in moss resembling molds.

Mystic Topaz

Mystic Topaz is an emblem of a high tech development process that is steady and stable.


It’s a mixture of albite and orthoclase set in layers that ground the lovely luster. It exhibits an eye-catching four-rayed star and cat’s eye effect.


Onyx is the black cryptocrystalline form of quartz.


Opal is considered unique more than any other gem it’s also the most delicate gem that is commonly worn and it requires a lot of care to insure its longer life.


An idiochromatic gem belongs to forsterite-fayalite mineral series that is a part of olivine group. In an idiochromatic gem, color appears in the basic chemical mixing of the minerals not from insignificant impurities.


Quartz is one of the most frequently found minerals on the earth its many forms like citrine, amethyst, and ametrine are very famous in the world of gems.


With a rating of nine, Ruby is the second hardest substance on the Mohs scale. It’s a red variety of corundum and a great combination of hardness, deep color and glossy shine that makes it a real valuable gemstone all around the world.


Sapphire is placed at No.2 among the four most precious gemstones. In hardness on other gemstone but diamond can excel Sapphire.


A high refractive index and exceptional hardness make this gem a real stylishness of the nature. Topaz is found in many colors but its blue form is very popular all-around the world. There are many beautiful colors found like pink, yellow, peach, golden, green ,red and brown and it has an uncanny knack to touch viewer’s heart in its elegant  color and gleam.

The origin of the word topaz can be traced in Sanskrit word “Tapas” that means fire.


It is one of the most versatile gems that is found almost in every color .It exhibits a wide range of tones from pallid to dark and also can appear in different color in the same stone.


It’s a kind of zoisite that has color range from blue to purple and green .The highly demanded color is the deep blue which gives a purplish hue around it.

Some other graceful gemstone

Many other gemstones like Chalcedony, Rutile Quartz, Chrome Tourmaline, Sphene, Spinel, Spodumene, Fire Opal, Fluorite, Garnet, Hiddenite, Imperial Topaz Iolite, Jadeite, Jasper, Tsavorite Garnet, Kyanite and Zircon are also widely used in different decorative items and jewelry and all have some unique elegance in them as differentiate them from other gemstones.

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